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Podcasts sur l'histoire

Gouvernement du Brunei - Histoire

Government type:absolute monarchy or sultanateCapital:name: Bandar Seri Begawangeographic coordinates: 4 53 N, 114 56 Etime difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, TutongIndependence:1 January 1984 (from the UK)National holiday:National Day, 23 February (1984); note - 1 January 1984 was the date of independence from the UK, 23 February 1984 was the date of independence from British protection; the Sultan& 39;s birthday, 15 JuneConstitution:history: drafted 1954 to 1959, signed 29 September 1959; note - some constitutional provisions suspended since 1962 under a State of Emergency, others suspended since independence in 1984amendments: proposed by the monarch; passage requires submission to the Privy Council for Legislative Council review and finalization takes place by proclamation; the monarch can accept or reject changes to the original proposal provided by the Legislative Council; amended 1984, 2004, 2011 (2017)Legal system:mixed legal system based on English common law and Islamic law; note - in May 2014, the first of three phases of sharia-based penal codes was instituted, which applies to Muslims and non-Muslims and exists in parallel to the existing common law-based codeInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCtCitizenship:citizenship by birth: nocitizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Bruneidual citizenship recognized: noresidency requirement for naturalization: 12 yearsSuffrage:18 years of age for village elections; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 October 1967); note - the monarch is both chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 October 1967)cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; note - 4 additional advisory councils appointed by the monarch are the Religious Council, Privy Council for constitutional issues, Council of Succession, and Legislative Councilelections/appointments: none; the monarchy is hereditaryLegislative branch:description: Legislative Council or Majlis Mesyuarat Negara Brunei (36 seats; members appointed by the sultan including 3 ex-officio members - the speaker and first and second secretaries; members appointed for 5-year terms)elections/appointments: appointed by the sultanJudicial branch:highest resident court(s): Supreme Court (consists of Court of Appeal and High Court, each with a chief justice and 2 judges); Sharia Court of Appeal (consists of judges appointed by the monarch); note - Brunei has a dual judicial system of secular and sharia (religious) courts; the Judicial Committee of Privy Council in London serves as the final appellate court for civil cases onlyjudge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the monarch to serve until age 65, and older if approved by the monarch; Sharia Court of Appeal judges appointed by the monarch for lifesubordinate courts: Intermediate Court; Magistrate& 39;s Courts; Juvenile Court; small claims courts; lower sharia courtsPolitical parties and leaders:National Development Party or NDP YASSIN Affendi note: Brunei National Solidarity Party or PPKB Abdul LATIF bin Chuchu and People& 39;s Awareness Party or PAKAR Awang Haji MAIDIN bin Haji Ahmad were deregistered in 2007; parties are small and have limited activity
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Podcasts sur l'histoire

Histoire de Furet - Histoire

Furet(Sch: t. 148; 1. 73'; b. 23' 8' 34;; dph. 7' 6' 34;; cpl. 64; a. 10 canons)Le premier furet. une goélette, a été construite en 1804 à Norfolk Navy Yard; et commandé le 18 avril 1809, le lieutenant C. Gadsden, Jr., aux commandes. La première croisière de Ferret pour laquelle elle a navigué lors de la mise en service, était le long de la côte des Carolines et de la Géorgie en application de l'embargo de 1807.
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Chronologie de l'histoire

Génie romain

Les Romains ont mis beaucoup d'efforts dans l'ingénierie. L'ingénierie romaine a conduit à la construction de remarquables prouesses techniques qui ont survécu à ce jour dans toute l'Europe occidentale - qu'il s'agisse de routes, de théâtres, de thermes ou du mur d'Hadrien. L'ingénierie a été utilisée comme un moyen d'améliorer le mode de vie des Romains, même sur des questions quotidiennes telles qu'un approvisionnement fréquent en eau.
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Podcasts sur l'histoire

Règlement du New Jersey

Comme le Delaware, la première colonie européenne du New Jersey était un combat entre les Hollandais et les Suédois. La Compagnie néerlandaise des Indes occidentales s'est efforcée de stimuler la colonisation dans la région en accordant des patroonships, des concessions de terres dans lesquelles le concessionnaire recevait des droits de propriété et de seigneurie sur les colons qu'il parrainait.
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